European and German framework for the heating market
The dependency of Europe on energy imports is just over 50% and will reach 70% by 2030, if countermeasures are not taken. In addition to reducing the high dependency, the EU has set ambitious goals for itself such as climate protection and relieving the national economies by reducing the cost of energy imports.
The commission is paying special attention to the largest energy consumption sector of Europe, which is the heating market. This is reflected in the four directives and ordinances having relevance for the heating market:
- Directive on the overall energy efficiency of buildings, EPBD (Energy Performance of Buildings Directive) with its German counterpart, the Energy Saving Ordinance EnEV
- Eco-design directive, ErP (Energy relevant products), according to which products like heat generators will have to be labelled in terms of their energy efficiency across Europe (to be implemented by September 2015, industrial kick-off at the ISH in March 2015) and which should be implemented in 2015 in Germany.
- The energy efficiency directive can make it mandatory for energy suppliers to save 1.5% energy annually from its customers through a regulatory framework. In case of public buildings (Government buildings in Germany), this mandatory regulation would result in a saving of 3% per year. The objective of the commission is to save 27% by 2030 by implementing this directive.
- Alternative option to mandatory regulations: Funding efficiency measures using incentives
- Directive for increasing the use of renewable energy, RES (Renewable Energy Sources): The share of renewable energies in the heating and cooling market should reach 20% by 2020. The targets for the individual EU countries are different because different countries face different situations. In case of Germany it is 14%.
The BDH is basically advocating the removal of mandatory regulations for existing buildings and wants to apply them only to new buildings. Instead of defining a mandatory regulation framework for the existing buildings, BDH is voting for a policy of incentives with the objective of mobilising private capital, which is abundantly available, for energy efficiency measures in existing buildings. For this purpose, BDH is focussing on the three aspects of KfW funding, the market incentive program and tax incentives.
In the mandatory regulation, which is confined in Germany almost exclusively to new buildings, the BDH is advocating a technology and energy-neutral framework that is refraining from technology funding at the same time. In this way, the competition between the different systems - for example, between system technology and measures to be taken on the outer shell of buildings - is maintained and promoted. Incidentally, this free market position creates a positive atmosphere for innovations in energy efficiency technologies and systems.